Did you know that there are different types of dental implant? This makes it possible to indicate treatment for patients with different needs, which has helped to make it increasingly popular for replacing missing teeth and carrying out oral rehabilitation.
Implants offer excellent functional and aesthetic results and provide excellent stability for prostheses. In addition, the treatment is planned for each person, ensuring a greater naturalness for the new smile.
We prepared this article to show you what are the types of dental implants available on the market, indications, among other important information. Follow!
How important is the implant?
Teeth play an essential role in the dental arches — each of them has a role in the process of chewing food. Therefore, the loss of just one of them generates impacts for the whole group. Hence the importance of treating with the type of dental implant best suited to your needs.
The loss of teeth can overload the structures of the face during chewing and also makes chewing inefficient.
Proper chewing is essential for a great quality of life, avoiding weight gain or stomach problems, which are due to a deficiency in chewing.
Not to mention that replacing lost teeth enhances appearance, as a smile stands out in a person's image. This interferes with their self-esteem, bringing more satisfaction with themselves, security and confidence.
Therefore, all types of dental implants benefit the patient in different ways. After all, they ensure balance and functionality for the dental arches, impact organic health and well-being and improve image and self-esteem.
As for the main types of dental implants that we find on the market, we can mention:
• single implants with immediate loading;
• 2×3 implants;
• overdenture prosthesis;
• protocol prosthesis;
• zygomatic implant.
There are model variations, such as nanotechnological, ceramic and short models, in addition to platform options, including internal or external hexagon and morse taper.
All of this is a result of the innovations that implant dentistry has undergone in recent years. They make it possible to treat patients with the most different clinical conditions and characteristics, which allows these people to have a complete dental arch, favoring their aesthetics and the functionality of the dentition.
Why do frequent consultations favor treatment?
Treatment with implants begins with consultations for you to undergo an evaluation in order to define your needs. Another function of these meetings is to investigate your oral and organic health through exams and plan each stage.
These appointments need to happen to ensure that the treatment will be a success. In addition, they will help you feel more secure about the procedure and the different steps that will follow.
For this reason, it is important to take advantage of them to get to know your dentist better, talk about your expectations and clinical history and even some fears, uncertainties or insecurities regarding the procedure. Clarify doubts so that wrong information or myths do not disturb the treatment.
When you feel confident in the specialist, it becomes easier to open up and talk about your fears.
What are the types of dental implants?
Different types of dental implants have been developed because each patient has a need. For example, there are those who have lost just one tooth, but also those who have lost more than one tooth in isolated areas of the mouth or have lost several in sequence. If you question which is the best type of dental implant, know that there is an indication for each case.
Even patients who have no teeth in one or both arches can be treated with implants. There are complete denture options that replace traditional dentures. Thus, the types of dental implants can, initially, be classified as single or multiple.
Implant with prosthesis protocol
prosthesis protocol is the name given to a type of multiple dental implant. It is indicated for edentulous patients and can be installed both in the upper and lower arches, replacing all teeth.
However, as with the 2×3 implant, it is not necessary to install a post for each tooth. Protocol prosthesis treatments only require 4 to 6 implants, which will be positioned in strategic places in the arch.
A prosthesis similar to a denture is made, but it will fit over these implants. Therefore, she has much more stability and ensures greater safety when chewing, smiling and talking.
This prosthesis is fixed; therefore, it cannot be removed from the mouth by the patient, as with dentures. This is only done by the dentist, when there is a need to do some intervention, maintenance or treatment.
Implant with overdenture prosthesis
The implant with an overdenture prosthesis is similar to the previous model, however, the specialist explains that a smaller number of implants are used to fix the prosthesis. It is also total, replacing all teeth in the upper or lower arch.
The main difference is that the overdenture prosthesis is not fixed. Although it is attached to the implants, it contains a system of fittings that allows you to remove it yourself. This helps to clean the prosthesis, being a good alternative for those with motor difficulties.
In implant treatment, the specialist creates a type of artificial root for an artificial tooth. The implant is the part that stays inside the bone and will support the prosthesis, the portion that replaces the natural tooth in the arch.
With this explanation, it is easier to understand what the single implant is. This is because, in this technique, the dentist places an implant in the patient's bone, that is, a pin for each tooth that will be replaced, on which a prosthesis will be positioned.
This technique is indicated for those who have lost only one dental element. It is also an alternative if you have lost more than one tooth, however, in different areas of the mouth, so that it is not possible to use the same implant for more than one prosthesis.
Implant with immediate load
The immediate load implant is also a type of single implant. What sets it apart is the applied technique. In the case of the conventional implant, first, surgery is performed to fix the pin; then — after osseointegration, which takes a few months — the prosthesis is installed.
In immediate loading, the dentist does not wait these months. You receive the prosthesis on the same day you have the surgery to fix the pin. In this case, surgery called “no cut” is usually performed, in which a small hole is opened in the gum to gain access to the bone without making large cuts in this tissue.
This type of implant, therefore, will replace only one tooth. Still, the technique can be applied to people who have planned an extraction. Thus, the entire procedure is done on the same day, from the removal of the natural tooth to the installation of the prosthesis.
Despite being a very attractive technique, not everyone can be subjected to it. It is necessary that all conditions are favorable, because you leave the clinic with a complete smile.
This, of course, represents an advantage, as the aesthetic recovery of the arches occurs more quickly. However, osseointegration still needs to happen, which consists of healing the bone around the pin. This can only happen when it is static 100%.
Thus, your bone quality, your oral health, the type of dental implant that will be used, as well as the primary stability achieved, need to be considered. This is essential to ensure that the pin will, in fact, be securely attached and that your facial dynamics and chewing will not disturb osseointegration.
This is a type of sequential implant, which is indicated for patients who have lost three teeth in a row. It is called “two by three” because, instead of making three single implants, we place two pins and install three prostheses on top of them.
The tooth that will be positioned in the middle will not have an attachment to the bone. Thus, the two implants will be installed at the ends, and a prosthesis with three teeth is made. What is left in the middle will support those who are stuck in the implants.
It is a good alternative to minimize the invasive nature of the treatment, since each implant requires its own intervention to be fixed in the bone. It also helps to reduce the cost of the procedure.
Did you know that it is recommended that treatment with dental implants be done as soon as a tooth is lost? This is because there is a natural tendency for the bone that supported that tooth to be reabsorbed by the body, which leads to the need to perform a bone graft before placing the implant.
Sometimes, the patient already arrives at the clinic with the absence of the tooth. In general, in 3 to 5 years after the loss, it is possible to have an implant without the need for a bone graft. But, in 80 to 90% of the cases, after these five years, the bone decrease is considerable.
However, among the types of dental implants, there is an alternative so that this prior grafting procedure is not necessary. It consists of the zygomatic implant, which is fixed in a different location.
Conventional implants are attached to the alveolar bone, which naturally houses the root of the teeth. In the case of the zygomatic implant, the pin is attached to the zygomatic bone, also known as the malar bone or cheek bone, which forms part of the eye socket and forms the cheekbones.
As this bone is close to the upper arch, this type of dental implant is recommended for those who need to replace all the teeth in the arch. In the inferior one, it is still necessary to use the alveolar bone as a base.
What is bone grafting and when is it needed?
As mentioned in the previous topic, bone is a fundamental structure for the fixation of implants in the patient's mouth. Therefore, they need to be intact and able to support the new teeth that are being placed.
If the bones are not in good condition – something normal when the tooth loss happened a long time ago, among other reasons – it is normal for the patient to be instructed not to have implants.
What few people know is that, in some cases, it is possible to reverse this scenario!
Bone grafting is a technology used to replace bone mass in the mouth of patients who wish to have a dental implant. This shows that it is possible to undergo the procedure, even if it is not indicated for you at first.
How is bone grafting done?
This is a simple procedure, but it is considered dental surgery. Therefore, it must be carried out by an experienced and qualified professional.
It all starts with the application of anesthesia in the place where the procedure will be carried out. Afterwards, the responsible dentist will open the area affected by bone loss and place the graft, making the stitches (sutures) afterwards.
Then we enter the healing phase. In it, the patient's organism will absorb that graft, causing it to become part of itself. Healing can be longer or shorter, depending on the particularities of each person, but it takes a few months to complete.
When is it necessary to carry it out?
Grafting should be performed by patients who wish to have dental implants but do not have the necessary bone structure to support the procedure.
What is the post-procedure care?
The precautions are the same as those observed after performing any dental procedure. It is indicated that you, for example, restrict your diet to a liquid or cold pasty diet for the first few days.
Rest is also very important for a few days, as well as avoiding being under a very hot sun. Painkillers and anti-inflammatories can be prescribed by your dentist, and it is recommended to use them according to the prescription.
In any case, always take your doubts with the responsible professional and follow all the guidelines passed by him. Thus, your recovery will be a thousand!
What implant models are available?
In addition to there being different types of dental implants, there are variations in the model. They depend on the material of manufacture, aggregate technology and dimensions. Below you can see some of the top models!
The implant made of titanium is the most used in all treatments. It consists of a metal alloy based on this element that is highly resistant and completely compatible with our body.
This metal is the one used to make the pins that are used in fracture treatments. The organism does not see it as a foreign body; therefore, the bone tissue is able to regenerate around it.
Nanotechnological implants are a combination of microtopography and nanometric particles of strontium, hydroxyapatite, fluorine or others. These particles are added to the pin's structure in order to perform specific functions when in contact with the patient's body tissue.
They have the potential to stimulate chemical processes; with this, they manage to stimulate the body for the healing process, favoring recovery in the postoperative period and osseointegration.
It is a good alternative, for example, when the body has a specific condition that makes these processes difficult. This is the case for diabetic patients, patients with metabolic disorders or smokers.
Ceramic implants are a novelty that, little by little, are being studied and tested as an alternative to implants made of titanium. The pins are made of zirconia, which has hardness, resistance and organic compatibility as good as metal.
They are an alternative to completely metal-free treatment, especially for the rare cases of patients who develop allergies or sensitivity to titanium. In addition, zirconia has the characteristic of accumulating less biofilm, making the formation of bacterial plaque more difficult.
We explain that there are cases in which bone loss occurs due to late treatment. When this happens, the base for implant fixation may be insufficient to use conventional pins. So, the dentist gives preference to the shorter and narrower models.
They are also an alternative if you naturally have a smaller bone or less space between the roots. However, they are usually more indicated for replacing the lower incisor teeth or the upper lateral incisor.
Dental implant platforms
The platforms available to the professional are yet another variation of the types of dental implants and their models. They consist of the type of pin fitting with the prosthetic abutment and the prosthesis. After all, the implant is composed of three parts, namely:
• the implant itself, ie the pin that remains fixed to the bone;
• the prosthesis, which is the artificial tooth that will be over the implant;
• the prosthetic abutment, the piece that connects the implant to the prosthesis.
The platforms have different formats, allowing a better positioning of the implant in the bone and allowing osseointegration to be the most suitable for your body. The most used platform is the morse taper, but there are also internal hexagon and external hexagon.
The choice depends on the characteristics of each treatment, such as the number of teeth to be replaced. The internal and external hexagon platforms, for example, although they are an older technology, still present efficiency for the fixation of multiple implants.
How is the postoperative period of the implant?
The postoperative period of dental implant surgery needs to be done following all the dentist's recommendations, to ensure good tissue healing. This avoids pain, discomfort, swelling and complications, such as inflammation and infections, as well as ensuring that osseointegration happens smoothly.
In the first 24 or 48 hours, it is recommended to apply cold compresses to prevent the site from swelling and to inhibit possible inflammatory responses. Lower temperatures also promote analgesia, which is the reduction of pain, bringing more comfort.
Care can be customized for each patient, but often involves recommendations such as:
• maintain a liquid or soft diet in the first 24 to 48 hours;
• prefer cold or room temperature food;
• avoid exposure to the sun and excessive heat;
• avoid efforts and physical activities;
• speak as little as possible;
• not making effort with the mouth, such as sucking or spitting;
• avoid intense mouthwash;
• maintain excellent oral hygiene;
• do not touch the operated site;
• do not chew with the operated side;
• choose to lie down on the opposite side of the operated one;
• prefer to sleep with the head slightly higher than the body.
As said, the professional will make the appropriate recommendations specifically for your case. Therefore, clarify your doubts with him and adopt all the indicated precautions.
How long does it take for the procedure to be completed?
A treatment performed with a conventional implant, one in which the surgery is performed with cuts in the gum, consists of a few steps:
• surgery to fix the implant;
• period of osseointegration;
• reopening of the implant to fix the prosthesis.
The longest waiting period is for osseointegration, which can range from 3 to 6 months. The placement of the implant itself is quick — 30 minutes may be required to fix a pin, but this depends on the conditions and characteristics of each patient.
It is also necessary to consider that, in some cases, there is the possibility of performing the technique with immediate loading. In it, as we have seen, you leave the office with the treatment practically finished, only needing to monitor the osseointegration process.
In patients who will undergo the bone graft procedure, this time is also usually longer. This happens because it is necessary to wait for bone healing, a process that usually takes at least 4 months. Only after total consolidation will the individual be released to place the new teeth.
Therefore, you need to talk to the dentist so that treatment is planned according to your needs. Only by knowing the type of implant that will be done, the technique adopted, your clinical conditions and the number of teeth that will be replaced can you have an expectation of the duration of the complete treatment.
How to ensure that the implant is a success?
To start the right way, you need to look for a clinic and a professional specializing in implants and with good experience. The planning done by the dentist, the application of the best technique and the choice of suitable materials greatly influence the results, but they also depend on you.
About this, correct hygiene is fundamental to the success of the treatment. After all, when bacteria proliferate due to the accumulation of food residues, there is greater susceptibility to inflammation and infections that lead to loosening of the post.
Therefore, all professional guidelines during the postoperative period must be strictly followed. Even after finishing the treatment, care must be maintained, as the implant is also susceptible to developing problems. Follow-up with the dentist is essential.
We guide two visits a year for those who already have good habits and do a good brushing. But for those who are predisposed to gum inflammation, this time needs to be shorter - sometimes every three months.
How much does it cost to have an implant?
Cost is yet another variable factor in treatment with dental implants. As said, there is an adequacy of the procedure for each person, according to their needs. Therefore, the value can be higher or lower according to aspects such as:
• number of teeth to be replaced;
• type of dental implant that will be used;
• implant manufacturer;
• need for complementary treatments;
• material used to make the pin and the prosthesis.
One more factor that leads to budget variation is the way the implant is made. There are two techniques: open and uncut. In the second case, it is necessary to carry out a more detailed planning, because it consists of a more precisely guided surgery.
Despite the great advantage of minimizing the degree of invasiveness of the procedure, it involves more technologies and resources, which implies an increase in value. However, it is a worthwhile cost-benefit, because of the lower chances of complications.
Thus, in the same way as with the duration of treatment, it is necessary to consult the dentist. Only with his assessment of your needs will it be possible to draw up a fair budget.
How to choose the best implant clinic?
In order for you to be sure that you are undergoing a quality treatment, which will present excellent functional and aesthetic results, it is important to choose very carefully the place where the treatment will be performed. The structure of the clinic and the preparation of the professional are essential for the procedure to be a success.
We observed that patients sought clinics without professionals with complete training, and this can be a lot of headache. Always look for someone qualified and expert in the area.
This care in choosing will ensure that you make a good assessment, defining the best type of dental implant to meet your needs and anatomical characteristics, in addition to the application of the appropriate technique and the use of good materials.
When doing your research, consider:
• clinic's market time;
• specialization of professionals;
• structure of the clinic;
• investments in technology;
• materials used;
• Dental implant types available.
Check out past patient reviews to find out if they are satisfied with the care they received and the type of dental implant performed. You can ask for referrals to those who have had implants or look for references on the internet, such as on complaint sites and social networks.
Can I count on OdontoLiuzzi?
Of course yes!
A OdontoLiuzzi can offer all the support you need, as we specialize in the most diverse types of dental implants. We are careful to work with state-of-the-art technologies, offering a humanized service to our patients. Thus, we guarantee not only the quality of the treatment, but much more safety and comfort.
We have long experience in the market and with patients, which provides us with training to deal with the human side of care and with the procedures performed in our clinic.
Technology, as mentioned, is another great ally of our services, which follow the main global trends in the dental sector and bring hot and exclusive news to patients.
In short, we unite training, humanization and information, always seeking to offer the best procedures for you and your whole family. Therefore, do not hesitate: come to OdontoLiuzzi!
Now that you know what types of dental implants are on the market, you can have a more productive conversation with your dentist. Together, you will define the ideal plan for your treatment, achieving the desired results for better oral health and a beautiful smile!
Did you have any questions or want to start your implant planning as soon as possible? Then schedule an appointment with OdontoLiuzzi! Around here, you will find highly qualified professionals ready to help you smile again. We are available!